Allergy immunotherapy is additionally specified to as hypersensitivity shots; it is a long haul activity that diminishes the indications of individuals who have unfavorably susceptible rhinitis, conjunctivitis, asthma and stinging creepy crawly hypersensitivity. Allergy immunotherapy reduces the sensitivity towards allergens, and it usually leads to a lasting relief once treatment is complete. This is a very cost-effective treatment method that many people use.
Allergy shots can also be considered if you have symptoms recurring for more than three months in a year, and you are not getting relief from medicines.
How often should I get allergy immunotherapy?
Firstly, you will go to a doctor once or twice a week for some months. The shot will be given in the upper arm, and it will contain a controlled amount of what you are allergic to, e.g., pollen, mold, pet dander, bee venom or dust mites as examples.
The dosage will increase on a gradual basis until you get to a level known as a maintenance dose. After that, you will get a shot after every 2 to 4 weeks for 4 to 5 months. Your doctor will then increase the time between the shots given to the point that you are receiving them once a month for 3-5 years. In this time frame, your allergic symptoms will go away or get better. If the allergic shots do not improve your allergic symptoms after a year, then you will have to talk to your doctor about considering other treatment options.
How should I get ready for allergy shots?
Two hours before getting your appointment, avoid doing any strenuous activity like exercises, because exercises boost the flow of blood to the body organs and tissues which can cause the allergens to spread much faster throughout the body. It will not cause a serious problem, but it is not a recommended practice.
Once you are with your doctor, talk to the doctor about your other medications or supplements or herbs you use. There are medications that interfere with the treatment, and they can cause some serious side effects. If you are taking medications that can interfere with allergic immunotherapy, it is best to avoid getting the allergic shot first.
If you plan to get pregnant or if you are already pregnant, ask your doctor if you need to continue with the allergy shots.
Can I benefit from allergy immunotherapy?
Children and adults can all receive allergy immunotherapy, although children under the age of five are not in this category; this is because there are many challenges younger children have when they are in the program, not to mention how hard it is to identify any serious symptoms from other things that the child is going through. When planning for allergic shots for adults, there are conditions like cardiac diseases that need to be considered and discussed with the immunologist.
The following are the points your immunologist will base your allergic shot on:
- The severity of the allergic symptoms and length of the allergy season.
- How environmental controls and medications are helping you with your allergy symptoms.
- Your desire to avoid long-term medication.
- Time available for treatment because the allergy shots require commitment from the patient.
- Cost is also a factor as it varies depending on location and the insurance.
Remember that food allergies are not related to allergy shots, the best option for people with food allergies is to stay away from the food that is causing the allergies.
How do allergy shots work?
Allergy immunotherapy works like a vaccine. The injected amounts of a certain allergen are absorbed by the body, and your body develops immunity to the allergen with time. There are two phases involved in this process, they are:
This involves two injections with increasing allergen amounts on a weekly basis. This phase extends to depending upon the frequency an injection is received. Ideally, it ranges from 3 to 6 months.
It starts when the effective dose is reached. Your allergen sensitivity determines the effective maintenance dose. In this phase, longer periods of treatment will be in play. Your immunologist will determine the range that best suits you.
In the build-up phase, you will notice a decrease in symptoms, but it may take longer than 12 months for the maintenance dose to show any signs of improvement. In the event that your shots are effective, support treatment goes for roughly 3-5 years. Any choice of ceasing the sensitivity cost must be talked about with our immunologist.
Are allergy shots effective?
Symptoms of many allergies have been reduced, thanks to the allergy shots. It keeps the advancement of new hypersensitivities, and it additionally keeps the calling from an unfavorably susceptible illness to asthma, from unfavorably susceptible rhinitis. How effective an allergic shot depends on the length of the treatment and the dose of the allergy? There are people who experience a lasting relief while others relapse after a discontinued allergic treatment program. If you find that your situation has not changed after a year of maintenance therapy, there are various factors that may cause the failure of the allergic treatments responding, they include:
- Inadequate allergen dosage in the allergy vaccine.
- During the allergy evaluation, missing allergens were not identified.
- The environment has high levels of allergen.
- Huge expose to non-allergic triggers.
Where can I go for allergy shots?
Allergy immunology has to be supervised by a physician in a well-equipped facility that has a good staff and proper equipment that can identify and treat an allergic reaction through allergy injections. An immunologist or an allergist is the person who should administer the injection. If an immunologist is not present, then a supervising physician should take over.
Are there risks?
The injection site can only react by swelling or a having a red patch. This happens a few hours after treatment. In some case, symptoms can include nasal congestion, sneezing or hives. There are rare serious reactions to allergies if they occur, immediate medical attention should be considered. Anaphylactic reaction symptoms can be exhibited, and they can include wheezing, swelling in throat, dizziness, and nausea.
For more information and to book an appointment with licensed immunologists in New York, call Dr. Rubinstein’s office at 845-562-6673 or go to The Hudson Valley Sinus Center website. We understand how frustrating allergies can be and we are more than willing to help you have a much better life.